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Employer Contribution to Provident Fund/NPS is more than 7.50 Lakhs: How to Calculate Taxable Portion (Rule 3B)

There are complexities in the Calculation of Taxable Portion where contribution of Employer in Provident Fund or NPS is more than Rs. 7.50 Lakhs in a Financial Year. Therefore for the ease of readers, we have presented the Calculation Methodology with the help of illustration.


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Actually, from the Financial Year 2020-21, in case total Contribution by Employer is more than Rs. 7.50 Lakhs in following funds/schemes, the excess amount will be Taxable in the Hands of Employees in terms of Section 17 (2)(vii).


(a) in a recognised provident fund;

 (b) in the scheme referred to in sub-section (1) of section 80CCD (i.e. NPS); and

 (c) in an approved superannuation fund,


Further, in terms of Section 17(2)(viia),

The annual accretion by way of interest, dividend or any other amount of similar nature during the previous year to the balance at the credit of the fund or scheme as referred above

to the extent it relates to the contribution made in excess of Rs. 7.50 Lakhs computed in such manner as may be prescribed in Rule 3B.


Illustration to Compute Taxable Portion as per Rule: 3B

(Legal Text of Rule 3B is provided in the last of the Article)


First Year (April 2020-March 2021)

Opening Balance of Fund as on 01.04.2020

1,00,00,000

Employer Contribution During Year

9,00,000

Interest Earned During the Year

8,00,000

Closing Balance of Fund as on 31.03.2021 (including Employee Contribution)

1,30,00,000

Taxable Income pertaining to Employer Contribution

(9,00,000-750000)/2 * 8,00,000/(1,00,00,000+1,30,00,000)/2

Taxable Income Pertaining to Employer Contribution in the Year 2020-21

Rs. 5,000 + 1,50,000= Rs. 1,55,000

Second Year (April 2021-March 2022)

Opening Balance of Fund as on 01.04.2021

1,30,00,000

Employer Contribution During Year

9,00,000

Interest Earned During the Year

10,00,000

Closing Balance of Fund as on 31.03.2022 (including Employee Contribution)

1,50,00,000

Accumulated Taxable Income & Employer Contribution in excess of Rs. 7,50,000 till 01.04.2021

(150000+5000)= Rs. 1,55,000

Taxable Income

Part A+ Part B

Part A

=(9,00,000-7,50,000)/2 * 10,00,000/ (1,30,00,000+1,50,00,000)/2

Part A

5358

Part B

155000*10,00,000/ (1,30,00,000+1,50,00,000)/2

Part B

11,071

Taxable Income Pertaining to Employer Contribution in the Year 2021-22

16,429+1,50,000=1,66,429


Third Year (April 2022-March 2023)

Opening Balance of Fund as on 01.04.2022

1,50,00,000

Interest Earned During the Year

12,00,000

Employer Contribution During the Year

9,00,000

Closing Balance of Fund as on 31.03.2023 (including Employee Contribution)

1,70,00,000

Accumulated Taxable Income & Employer Contribution in excess of Rs. 7,50,000 till 01.04.2022

(155000+150000+16429)= Rs. 3,21,429

Taxable Income

Part A + Part B

Part A

(9,00,000-750000)/2 * 12,00,000/(1,50,00,000+1,70,00,000)/2

Part A

5,625

Part B

3,21,429 * 12,00,000/(1,50,00,000+1,70,00,000)/2

Part B

Rs. 24,107

Taxable Income Pertaining to Employer Contribution in the Year 2022-23

29,732+1,50,000= Rs.1,79,732


Similarly, calculations for the subsequent Years Can be be done.


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Legal Text of Rule 3B


Annual accretion referred to in the sub-clause (viia) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act.


For the purposes of sub-clause (viia) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act, annual accretion by way of interest,dividend or any other amount of similar nature during the previous year (hereinafter in this rule referred to as the current previous year) to balance to the credit of the fund or scheme referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act shall be the amount or aggregate of amounts computed in accordance with he following formula, namely:—


TP= (PC/2)*R + (PC1+ TP1)*R


Where,


TP= Taxable perquisite under sub-clause (viia) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act for the current previous year;


TP1 = Aggregate of taxable perquisite under sub-clause (viia) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act for the previous year or years commencing on or after 1st day April, 2020 other than the current previous year (See Note);


PC= Amount or aggregate of amounts of principal contribution made by the employer in excess of Rs. 7.5 lakh tothe specified fund or scheme during the previous year;


PC 1 = Amount or aggregate of amounts of principal contribution made by the employer in excess of Rs. 7.5 lakh to the specified fund or scheme for the previous year or years commencing on or after 1st day April, 2020 other than the current previous year (See Note);


R= I/ Favg ;


I=Amount or aggregate of amounts of income accrued during the current previous year in the specified fund or scheme account;


Favg = (Amount or aggregate of amounts of balance to the credit of the specified fund or scheme on the first day of the current previous Year + Amount or aggregate of amounts of balance to the credit of the specified fund or scheme on the last day of the current previous year)/2.


Explanation— For the purposes of this rule, "specified fund or scheme" shall mean a fund or scheme referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (2) of section 17 of the Act.


Note:

Where the amount or aggregate of amounts of TP1 and PC1 exceeds the amount or aggregate of amounts of balance to the credit of the specified fund or scheme on the first day of the current previous year, then the amount in excess of the amount or aggregate of amounts of the said balance shall be ignored for the purpose of computing the amount or aggregate of amounts of TP1 and PC1.]


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Disclaimer: We have taken due care to the best of our knowledge while explaining the provisions surrounding the issue purely for informational/academic purpose. It should not be considered as professional advice or consultancy to be relied upon. While due care has been taken by Fab Gyan in preparing this article, certain mistakes and omissions may creep in. The Fab Gyan or its Author does not accept any liability for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any inaccurate or incomplete information in this document nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon.






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